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Preventing complications

Body hygiene

Home environment

In addition to a storage room for the materials required for peritoneal dialysis (e.g., for PD solutions and consumables) and a dialysis room may be required. A closet-sized space is typically needed for supplies. Your clinical staff will talk with you about how to organize your supply storage area. It should have lockable windows and doors.

Particularly important basic hygiene measures during dialysis are:

  • Hygienic hand disinfection
  • Disinfectant cleaning of all equipment, machines and surfaces near the patient after each treatment
  • Removal of pets from the room while performing dialysis
  • Asking other people in the room to follow basic hygiene measures as well
  • Making sure not to get interrupted, e. g. closing doors

You will learn how to carry out the appropriate surface disinfection of the immediate environment of your treatment, including furniture in your dialysis room, in a detailed training session with your dialysis team.

Vaccinations and avoiding infections

Peritoneal dialysis (PD) catheter

  • Infection

HD vascular access

As with any medical treatment, there may be problems related to hemodialysis. Complications may be related to the dialysis procedure or the underlying kidney disease itself.

Not everyone will experience complications. Be aware of some possible problems related to the HD treatment that may occur and know how to potentially manage them.


  • Arterio-venous fistula (AV fistula)
  • Arterio-venous graft (AV graft)
  • Central venous catheter (CVC)

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